**Insertion in the doubly linked list** – As we know in the node of the **doubly linked** list we have two link parts and one info part. and every node holds the reference of the previous and next node. so to **insert **the new node at any position like at the first position, the last position, in between the nodes, and before and after the node we need to maintain both references.

**so after completing this tutorial, you will be able to learn about**

- Insertion at the beginning of the doubly linked list
- Insert node in an empty list.
- Insert node at the end of the list.
- Insert node after a node.
- Insert node before a node.

## Insert at beginning of doubly linked list

to insert a node at the beginning of list first, we allocate a new node called temp. as you see in the image given below.

after that, we store the first node’s reference in the temp node’s next link part.

and then we store the new node temp’s reference in the first node of the list. as you see in the image given below.

after performing these steps we inserted a new node at the beginning of the list.

## Insert a node in an empty doubly linked list

as we know we don’t have any node in an empty list.

so to insert a node in an empty list first we allocate a new node called temp and store the reference of the new node in the start variable.

## Insert a node at the end

to insert a new node at the end of the list first we need a reference of the last node of the doubly linked list. so we find a reference for the last node called p.

after that, we allocate a new node called temp.

and then we store the new node’s reference in the next link part of the node p.

and then we store the p node’s reference into the new node’s previous link part.

after performing these steps we now inserted a new node at the end of the list.

## Insert a node after a node

like if we want to insert a node after a node called p.

then we first allocate a new node called temp.

and then store the p node’s reference into the temp node’s previous link part.

and then we store the node’s reference that comes after the node p into the temp node’s next link part.

and then we store the temp node’s reference into the node’s previous link part that comes after the node p.

and then we store the temp node’s reference into the p node’s next link part.

after completing these steps we now inserted a new node before a node called p in the doubly linked list.

## Insert a node before a node

like if we want to insert a node before a node called p.

first, we allocate a new node called temp.

and then we store the node’s reference that comes before the node p into the temp node’s previous link.

and then we store the reference of p node into the temp node’s next link part.

after that, we store the temp node’s reference into the next link part of the node that comes before the node p.

after that, we store the temp node’s reference into the previous link part of the node p.

after performing these steps we now inserted a new node before a node called p.

```
class Node(object):
def __init__(self, value):
self.info = value
self.link = None
class CircularLinkedList(object):
def __init__(self):
self.last = None
def display_list(self):
if self.last == None:
print("List is empty\n")
return
p = self.last.link
while True:
print(p.info, " ", end='')
p = p.link
if p == self.last.link:
break print()
def insert_in_beginning(self, data):
temp = Node(data)
temp.link = self.last.link
self.last.link = temp
def insert_in_empty_list(self, data):
temp = Node(data)
self.last = temp
self.last.link = self.last
def insert_at_end(self,data):
temp = Node(data)
temp.link = self.last.link
self.last.link = temp
self.last = temp
def create_list(self):
n = int(input("Enter the number of nodes : "))
if n == 0:
return data = int(input("Enter the element to be inserted : "))
self.insert_in_empty_list(data)
for i in range(n-1):
data = int(input("Enter the element to be inserted : "))
self.insert_at_end(data)
def insert_after(self, data, x):
p = self.last.link
while True:
if p.info == x:
break p = p.link
if p == self.last.link:
break
if p == self.last.link and p.info != x:
print(x, " not present in the list")
else:
temp = Node(data)
temp.link = p.link
p.link = temp
if p == self.last:
self.last = temp
def delete_first_node(self):
if self.last is None:
return if self.last.link == self.last:
self.last = None return self.last.link = self.last.link.link
def delete_last_node(self):
if self.last is None:
return if self.last.link == self.last:
self.last = None return
p = self.last.link
while p.link != self.last:
p = p.link
p.link = self.last.link
self.last = p
def delete_node(self,x):
if self.last is None:
return if self.last.link == self.last and self.last.info == x:
self.last = None return if self.last.link.info == x:
self.last.link == self.last.link.link
return
p = self.last.link
while p.link != self.last.link:
if p.link.info == x:
break p = p.link
if p.link == self.last.link:
print(x, " not found in the list")
else:
p.link = p.link.link
if self.last.info == x:
self.last = p
#################################################
list = CircularLinkedList()
list.create_list()
while True:
print("1. Display list")
print("2. Insert in empty list")
print("3. Insert a node in the beginning of the list")
print("4. Insert a node at the end of the list")
print("5. Insert a node after a specified node")
print("6. Delete first node")
print("7. Delete last node")
print("8. Delete any node")
print("9. Quite")
option = int(input("Enter your choice : "))
if option == 1:
list.display_list()
elif option == 2:
data = int(input("Enter the element to be inserted : "))
list.insert_in_empty_list(data)
elif option == 3:
data = int(input("Enter the element to be inserted : "))
list.insert_in_beginning(data)
elif option == 4:
data = int(input("Enter the element to be inserted : "))
list.insert_at_end(data)
elif option == 5:
data = int(input("Enter the element to be inserted : "))
x = int(input("Enter the element after which to insert : "))
list.insert_after(data,x)
elif option == 6:
list.delete_first_node()
elif option == 7:
list.delete_last_node()
elif option == 8:
data = int(input("Enter the element to be deleted : "))
list.delete_node(data)
elif option == 9:
break else:
print("Wrong option")
print()
```